• Habits of the Mind

    Habits of the mind are dispositions displayed by intelligent people in response to problems, dilemmas and enigmas.  The resolution of which are not immediately apparent.


    1. Persisting.


    Stick to it! Persevering in task through completion; remaining focus.

    2. Managing impulsivity.


    Take your time.  Thinking before acting; remaining calm, thoughtful and deliberate.

    3. Listening with understanding and empathy


    Understand others.  Devoting mental energy to another person’s thought and ideas; holding in abeyance one’s own thoughts in order to perceive another’s point of view and emotions.

    4. Thinking flexibly.


    Look at it another way. Being able to change perspectives, generate alternatives, consider options.

    5. Metacognition –Thinking about your thinking.


    Know your knowing.  Being aware of one’s own thoughts, strategies, feeling and actions and their effect.


    6. Striving for accuracy and precision.


    Check it again!  A desire for exactness, fidelity and craftsmanship.

    7. Questioning and problem posing.


    How do you know?  Having a questioning attitude;  knowing what data are needed and developing questioning strategies to produce those data.  Finding problems to solve.

    8. Applying past knowledge.


    Use what you learn!   Accessing prior knowledge; transferring knowledge beyond the situation in which it was learned.

    9. Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision.


    Be clear!  Striving for accurate communication in both written and oral form; avoiding over generalizations, distortions and deletions.

    10. Gathering data using all senses.


    Use your natural pathways!  Gathering data through all the sensory pathways: gustatory, olfactory, tactile, kinesthetic, auditory and visual.

    11. Creating, imagining and innovating.


    Try a different way!  Generating new and novel ideas. Fluency and originality.

    12. Responding with wonderment and awe.


    Have fun figuring it out!  Fiding the world awesome, mysterious and being intrigued with phenomena and beauty.

    13. Taking (responsible) risks.


    Venture out!  Being adventuresome; living on the edge of one’s competence.

    14. Finding humor.


    Laugh a little!  Finding the whimsical, incongruous and unexpected.  Being able to laugh at oneself.

    15. Thinking interdependently.


    Work Together!  Being able to work in and learn from others in reciprocal situations

    16. Remaining open to continuous learning.


    Learn from experiences!  Having humility and pride when admitting we don’t know; resisting complacency.

     Adapted from Deborah Meier